You create a new “Topic” content type, which contains text fields for
You update your blog post content model with a new field called
topics, which is an array of linked references (remember type: Array<Link> for later).
You add the relevant topics as links to each blog post entry. Beautiful.
Here’s how the content model might look, visualized by contentmodel.io. The blog post has a field
topics, which is a reference to many (n) “Topic” content types, which have fields
Here’s how you might display collections of blog posts per topic in your web application.
Now it’s time to construct the GraphQL query. Let’s search the docs to see how we can query the blog post collection and filter by linked topic!
But what’s this? The documentation states that it is not possible to filter on fields of Type Array<Link>! So, what do we do?
There’s no need to rage quit!
This type of query is made possible with the linkedFrom field! Let’s take a look at how it works.
Install the GraphQL Playground App
Let’s investigate how we can build this query in the Contentful GraphQL Playground App within the Contentful web app. Install the app by navigating to Apps and follow the instructions for installation. Authorize the app to access your Contentful account and provide it with a Content Preview API key. Click save.
After installing the GraphQL Playground App, navigate to it via Apps in the navigation.
What I love about GraphQL is that it's self-documenting. Tools such as GraphQL Playground allow you to explore what data and types of queries are available on your content model. You can read the provided in-app documentation or use nifty auto-completion (we'll do that later in the post). All this functionality is made possible by GraphQL Introspection Queries. Check out this video from Shy on Introspection Queries to learn more. It’s definitely worth a watch — I learned a lot!
How to build a linkedFrom query
I like to think of a linkedFrom query as “reversing” the query you actually want to make. Instead of querying blog posts and filtering the results by linked topic, we’re going to query a single topic and fetch the blog posts that contain that topic as a linked reference.
Let’s start by querying our topicCollection. If you’ve set up the topic content type as described above with the fields
slug, paste the query below into the GraphQL Playground App.
The response will include an array of items containing the name and slug properties as requested.
Let’s update the query to fetch a single topic by slug —
Here’s the updated response.
What we really want to return in our query is a list of blog posts that contain the referenced topic
Let’s request some fields from the
blogPostCollection items that reference the
And here’s the response:
And there you have it!
Using the linkedFrom field is an effective way to request all entries that reference entries of Type Array<Link>. I’ve really enjoyed learning about this!
A real-world example of a GraphQL filter
If you’d like to see the complete query for my topics pages, take a look at this file in the code for my personal blog site. The statically generated page is available to view here.
Is there something you’d like to learn more about to get the most out of Contentful? Come and let us know in the Community Slack. We’re a friendly bunch!